Here’s a Guide on How to Treat and Calm Acne

Here’s a Guide on How to Treat and Calm Acne

  • By JUHI ZAVERI
Achieving acne-free skin doesn't have to be a dream anymore. Here’s how can get rid of those pesky pimples with the best treatments available. 

Acne is like that one comment from a relative. Unwanted and unnecessary. While everyone shares a common sentiment of annoyance regarding acne, not everyone knows about the acne treatments out there. While in the previous episode of ''Understanding Acne,'' you learnt about all the types of acne, it is now time to decode the best treatment options available.  

Curating a special skincare routine to address the specific skincare need can help you get rid of acne quickly. Your chosen routine will help remove excess oil and clear your pores. In addition, a skin-friendly routine will prevent redness and irritation. While you might think the routine has to consist of a zillion steps- follow the phrase "simple is effective". 

What is Acne? 

Acne is a skin condition that shows itself unannounced through pimples, black and whiteheads. The sebaceous glands produce oil (sebum), which helps to keep the skin lubricated and healthy. When your pores are clogged with this excess sebum and dead skin cells, it causes acne to appear. It's a skin problem that affects many people, but it is very prevalent among teenagers and young people. It can occur on the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders. It's caused by hormonal changes, genetics, stress, diet, and certain medications.

How to cure acne? 

(I) Comedonal acne 

Comedonal acne consists of small, flesh-coloured bumps or whiteheads that appear on the skin. It consists of whiteheads and blackheads. 

1.Topical retinoids:These medications are derived from Vitamin A and can help to unclog pores and prevent the formation of new comedones. Retinoids are available in prescription strength, such as tretinoin, adapalene, or over-the-counter retinoids, such as retinol. Try out the Vit-A-lity Retinol night serum that contains betaine and kokum butter, both magical ingredients that treat acne and reduces the inflammation that comes with it. 

2.Salicylic acid:This ingredient can penetrate the pores and help to remove excess oil and dead skin cells. Salicylic acid is available in over-the-counter products, such as cleansers, toners, and spot treatments. Foxtale’s One zit wonder Gel contains salicylic acid- a BHA that is the best defence against acne. By unclogging pores, it cleans them deeply while also decreasing sebum production. A decrease in sebum= fewer breakouts. 

3.Chemical peels:Chemical peels can help to exfoliate the skin and unclog pores. Chemical peels can be performed by a dermatologist or with over-the-counter products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs).

4.Extractions:Comedonal acne can be manually extracted by a dermatologist or esthetician. This involves using a special tool to gently remove the plug of oil and dead skin cells from the pore. 

(II) Inflammatory acne

It consists of papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. 

1.Topical treatments: These include over-the-counter creams and gels containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoids. A dermatologist may recommend prescription-strength medications like antibiotics, topical steroids, and azelaic acid.

2.Oral medications: If topical treatments are ineffective, oral medications like antibiotics, hormonal contraceptives, or isotretinoin may be prescribed.

3.Lifestyle changes: Eating a healthy diet, avoiding picking or squeezing pimples, and using non-comedogenic skincare products can help manage inflammatory acne. 

4.Procedures: In some cases, a dermatologist may recommend procedures like chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or light therapy to help reduce inflammation and improve the appearance of acne. 


(III) Fungal acne 

1.Use antifungal products: Antifungal medications are commonly used to treat fungal acne, and they can be found in various forms, such as topical creams, shampoos, or oral medications. You should consult your healthcare provider or dermatologist to find the treatment most suitable for you. 

2.Keep your skin clean and dry: Fungal acne thrives in warm and moist environments. Keep your skin clean and dry to prevent the growth of yeast. Avoid wearing tight clothing and opt for breathable fabrics.

3.Avoid using oily or heavy products: Fungal acne can be worsened by oily or heavy products. Look for non-comedogenic, oil-free products that won't clog your pores.

4.Consider using probiotics: Probiotics can help balance the bacteria on your skin and reduce yeast growth. Consider taking oral probiotics or using skincare products that contain probiotics.

5.Consult a dermatologist: If your fungal acne is severe or doesn't improve with over-the-counter treatments, consult a dermatologist. They may prescribe oral or topical antifungal medications or recommend other treatments.


Tips to keep in mind to prevent acne 

If you've scrolled this far, you must now be aware of how to treat the type of acne that's on your skin. But additionally, here's a list of tips you can use to keep your skincare game ahead of others. 

1. Cleansing your skin regularly can help prevent oil and dead cells buildup that can lead to acne. Use a gentle cleanser that removes dirt and oil from your skin along with leaving it hydrated and refreshed.

2. When you drink plenty of water, it helps flush toxins from your body. A well hydrated skin can prevent the formation of acne.

3. Getting enough sleep can help reduce stress levels, which can trigger acne. You should aim a 7-8 hours of sleep each night.

4. Picking at your pimples can lead to scarring and make acne worse. Instead, use topical or spot treatments to help reduce inflammation and clear up the pimple.

Conclusion

While acne can be a frustrating and emotional rollercoaster, it is treatable. You can effectively treat and calm acne by following a regular skincare routine, using topical treatments, and considering prescription medication. In addition, if you are struggling with acne scars, several treatments are available to help reduce their appearance. With the right approach, you too can achieve skin that's acne-free and glowing from within. 

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